Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)

  • On any Window's machine, download and install VMware Player, if you have not already done so.

    Instructions:

    • http://downloads.vmware.com/d/info/desktop_downloads/vmware_player/3_0

    Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)

  • Locate CentOS Mirror Download

    Instructions:

    • http://wiki.centos.org/Download
    • On the CentOS-6 Row, Click on i386.

    Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)

  • Choose a CentOS Mirror

    Instructions:

    • Choose a Mirror
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Download CentOS-6.6 ISO
    • Instructions:
      • Click on CentOS-6.6-i386-bin-DVD1.iso
      • Click the Save File radio button
      • Click the OK button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Save CentOS-6.6 ISO
    • Instructions:
      • Navigate to wherever you want to save the CentOS-6.6 ISO.
        • In my case, I am saving the ISO to my external USB E: Drive.
        • E.g., E:\CentOS-6.6\
      • Click the Save Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
Section 2. Create a New Virtual Machine
  • Open VMware Player on your windows machine.
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Start Button
      • Type "vmware player" in the search box
      • Click on VMware Player
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create a New Virtual Machine. (See Below)
    • Instructions:
      • Click on Home
      • Click on Create a New Virtual Machine
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Installation Media
    • Instructions:
      • Select the radio button "I will install the operating system later"
      • Click Next
    • Note(FYI):
      • Normally, you would select "Install disc image file (iso)", but unfortunately VMware Player will attempt to do an easy install.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Select a Guest Operating System
    • Instructions:
      • Guest operating system:  Linux
      • Version: CentOS
      • Select Next

    Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)

  • Name the Virtual Machine
    • Instructions:
      • Virtual machine name: CentOS-6.6
      • Location: E:\CentOS-6.6
        • In my case, I saved it to my USB drive.
      • Click the Next Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Specify Disk Capacity.
    • Instructions:
      • Make the disk size to 20 GB.
      • Select the radio button name Store virtual disk as a single file.
      • Select Next.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Customize the Hardware.
    • Instructions:
      • Select the Customize Hardware Button.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Configure Memory
    • Instructions:
      • Click on Memory.
      • Up the memory to 1 GB
      • Do NOT Click the Close Button, we still have more to configure.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Configure CD/DVD
    • Instructions:
      • Click on CD/DVD.
      • Select the radio button "Use ISO image file:"
      • Click the Browse Button, and navigate to the CentOS-6.6-i386-bin-DVD1.iso and double click on it.
    • Note(FYI):
      • Do NOT Click the Close Button, we still have more to configure.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Configure the Network Adapter
    • Instructions:
      • Click on Network Adapter
      • Selected the Bridged radio button.
      • Now, you can click the Close button.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Click Finish (See Below)
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Finish Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
Section 3. Install CentOS-6.6 to Hard Drive
  • Start the CentOS-6.6 VM
    • Instructions:
      • Click on the CentOS-6.6 VM
      • Click on Play virtual machine
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Install CentOS-6.6
    • Instructions:
      • Scroll up to "Install or upgrade an existing system" and press <Enter>
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Disc Found
    • Instructions:
      • Right Arrow to the Skip Box and press <Enter>
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Select Next
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Next Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Select Language
    • Instructions:
      • Select English (English)
      • Click Next
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Select Keyboard
    • Instructions:
      • Select English.
      • Click Next
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Select Storage Device
    • Instructions:
      • Select Basic Storage Devices
      • Select Next
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Storage Device Warning
    • Instructions:
      • Click the "Yes, discard any data" Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Name the server
    • Instructions:
      • Hostname: centos66
      • Click the Next Button.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Select Time Zone
    • Instructions:
      • Select the time zone of your choice.
      • Select Next.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Select a root password.
    • Instructions:
      • Root Password:  <Supply A Strong Root Password>
      • Confirm: <Re-Enter the previous Root Password>
      • Click the Next Button
    • Note(FYI):
      • At least 8 characters
      • Alpha-Numeric
      • Uppercase and Lowercase
      • Symbols (!@#$%^&*, etc)
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
Section 4. Creation Partitions
  • Create Custom Layout.
    • Instructions:
      • Select Create Custom Layout
      • Click the Next Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create /boot (Part 1)
    • Instructions:
      • Click on the Free Space under the SDA Hard Drive
      • Click the Create Button
        • This will pop up a Create Storage window
      • Click on the Radio Button "Standard Partition"
      • Click on the Create Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create /boot (Part 2)
    • Instructions:
      • Mount: /boot
      • File System Type: ext4 or ext2
        • ext2 is sufficient if you do not think your /boot file system will change.  For class purposes use ext4.
      • Size: 500 (300 MB minimum)
      • Addition Size Options: Select the Fixed size radio button
      • Click OK
    • Note(FYI):
      • The /boot partition holds the kernel and other data the system needs when it boots; it cannot be under the control of LVM.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create / (Part 1)
    • Instructions:
      • Click on the Free Space under the SDA Hard Drive
      • Click the Create Button
        • This will pop up a Create Storage window
      • Click on the Radio Button "Standard Partition"
      • Click on the Create Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create / (Part 2)
    • Instructions:
      • Mount: /
      • File System Type: ext4
      • Size: 4000 (Recommend: (3.0 GB - 5.0 GB)
      • Additional Size Options: Select the Fixed size radio button
      • Click OK
    • Note(FYI):
      • Any file systems that are not created as a separate partition will become automatically part of the root(/) filesystem.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create swap (Part 1)
    • Instructions:
      • Click on the Free Space under the SDA Hard Drive
      • Click the Create Button
        • This will pop up a Create Storage window
      • Click on the Radio Button "Standard Partition"
      • Click on the Create Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create swap (Part 2)
    • Instructions:
      • File System Type: swap
      • Size: 3000 (Swap should double memory).
        • Currently, 1 GB is allocated to memory.  Only a maximum of 1.5 GB can be allocated to memory, since swap is 3000 MB or 3 GB
      • Additional Size Options: Select the Fixed size radio button
      • Click OK.
    • Note(FYI):
      • Linux temporarily stores programs and data on a swap partition when it does not have enough RAM to hold all the information during processing.  Also, swap is used when your hibernate the system.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create a Physical Volume (Part 1)
    • Instructions:
      • Click on the Free Space under the SDA Hard Drive
      • Click the Create Button
        • This will pop up a Create Storage window
      • Click on the Radio Button "LVM Physical Volume"
      • Click on the Create Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create a Physical Volume (Part 2)
    • Instructions:
      • Additional Size Options: "Fill to maximum allowable size" radio button
      • Click OK
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create a Logical Volume Group
    • Instructions:
      • Click on the sda5 physical volume
      • Click the Create Button
        • This will pop up a Create Storage window
      • Click on the Radio Button "LVM Volume Group"
      • Click on the Create Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create /usr
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Add Button
      • Mount: /usr
      • Size: 4500 (4 to 16 GB)
      • Click OK
    • Note(FYI):
      • The size of /usr depends on the number of software packages you install
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create /home
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Add Button
      • Mount: /home
      • Size: 2000
      • Click OK
    • Note(FYI):
      • Size depends on the number of users on the machine and the type of work they do.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create the /tmp filesystem.
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Add Button
      • Mount: /tmp
      • Size: 1000 (Minimum 500 MB)
      • Click OK
    • Note(FYI):
      • Temporary files such as *.pid files reside here.  For most Linux and Unix operating systems, data is not preserved between reboots.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create the /var filesystem
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Add Button
      • Mount: /var
      • Size: 4000 (Required minimum is 500 MB; however, Apache and MySQL is typically installed under /var).
      • Click OK, in the Make Logical Volume
      • Click OK, in the Make Logical Volume Group
    • Note(FYI):
      • /var is short for variable.  Data in this partition changes frequently.
        • /var/www/html - Where Apache Web Pages are stored.
        • /var/log - Where the system log messages are stored.
        • /var/mail - Where mail is stored
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Review Your Work
    • Note(FYI):
      • Both /boot and / are fixed file systems which cannot be changed.
      • /home, /usr, /tmp, and /var are LVM file systems which can be increased or decreased in size.
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Next Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Format Warning
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Format Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Writing storage configuration to disk
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Write changes to disk Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Install the boot loader
    • Instructions:
      • Check the Install boot loader checkbox
      • Click the Next Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Install Software
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Desktop radio button
      • Click the Customize later radio button
      • Click the Next Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Install Software
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Desktop radio button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Reboot System
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Reboot button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
Section 5. Post CentOS Configuration
  • Welcome
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Forward Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • License Information
    • Instructions:
      • Click "Yes, I agree to the License Agreement"
      • Click the Forward Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Create User
    • Instructions:
      • Username: student
        • Do not change "student", since this account is required for future labs.
      • Full Name: Security Student
        • Replace Security Student with your actual full name.
        • e.g., John Gray
      • Password:  <Supply A Strong Password>
      • Confirm: <Re-Enter the previous Password>
      • Click the Forward Button
    • Note(FYI):
      • At least 8 characters
      • Alpha-Numeric
      • Uppercase and Lowercase
      • Symbols (!@#$%^&*, etc)
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Date and Time
    • Instructions:
      • Adjust the Date and Time and click the Forward Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Kdump (Part 1)
    • Note(FYI):
      • CentOS 6 requires 4 GB of RAM.  Since, we only reserved 1 GB of memory for this virtual machine, you will receive and error message "Insufficient memory to auto-enable kdump".
    • Instructions:
      • Click the OK Button in the Insufficient memory warning window.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Kdump (Part 2)
    • Note(FYI):
      • After clicking the Finish Button your machine will immediately reboot
    • Instructions:
      • Click the Finish Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
Section 6. Install VMware Tools
  • Login to CentOS
    • Note(FYI):
      • Until you click the user, in this case Security Student, the Password field will not be displayed.
    • Instructions:
      • Click on Security Student
        • This will display the password text box.
      • Supply its' password
      • Click the Log In Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Launch Install VMware Tools...
    • Instructions:
      • Press the <Ctrl> and <Alt> keys
        • The will bring mouse focus back to your host machine
      • Click on Player --> Manage --> Install VMware Tools...
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Open a Terminal
    • Instructions:
      • Applications --> System Tools --> Terminal
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • View VMware Tools Mount Location
    • Instructions:
      • su - root
      • Password: <Supply the root password>
      • df -k
    • Note(FYI):
      • su - root, means switch user to root.
      • df -k, means to view file system disk space in the block size.
      • Notice, VMware Tools was mounted to /dev/sr0 and is accessible in the directory /media/VMware Tools.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Uncompress VMWare Tools Bundle
    • Instructions:
      • cd /media/VMware\ Tools/
      • ls -lrta
      • cp VMwareTools*gz /var/tmp/
      • cd /var/tmp
      • tar zoxvf VMwareTools*gz
    • Note(FYI):
      • cd, means to change directory.
      • ls, means to list the directory contents.
        • -lrta, (l) long listing, (r) in reverse order by (t) time, and show (a) invisible files.
      • cp, means to copy the VMWare Tools bundle to the /var/tmp directory.
      • cd, means to change directory to the /var/tmp directory
      • tar, means to uncompress or compress files or directories.  In our case we are going to uncompress the VMware Tools Bundle.
        • zoxvf, (x) means to extract and (z) unzip the (f) file in (v) verbose mode while keeping the same (o) ownerships.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Install VMware tools
    • Instructions:
      • cd vmware-tools-distrib/
      • perl vmware-install.pl default
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Review Installation Output
    • Note(FYI):
      • Scroll towards the bottom of the output for a completion message.
      • In order for "all" of the vmware tool features to be invoked we will later reboot the machine in a later step.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
Section 7. Post Virtual Machine Settings Configuration
  • Open Virtual Machine Settings
    • Instructions:
      • Press the <Ctrl> and <Alt> keys to bring mouse focus back to the host machine.
      • Player --> Manage --> Virtual Machine Settings...
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Change CD/DVD Settings
    • Note(FYI):
      • Below we want the Virtual Machine to boot from its' hard drive instead of the CentOS ISO.
    • Instructions:
      • Click on CD/DVD (IDE)
      • Click on the radio button "Use physical drive:"
      • Select "Auto detect"
      • Click the OK Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
Section 8. Reboot Machine
  • Open a Terminal
    • Instructions:
      • Applications --> System Tools --> Terminal
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Reboot Server
    • Instructions:
      • su - root
      • Password: <Supply the root password>
      • reboot
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
Section 9. Verify VMware Tools is working
  • Login to CentOS
    • Note(FYI):
      • Until you click the user, in this case Security Student, the Password field will not be displayed.
    • Instructions:
      • Click on Security Student
        • This will display the password text box.
      • Supply its' password
      • Click the Log In Button
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Resize Window
    • Instructions:
      • Try to resize the Window, by dragging the bottom right corner of the window.  If scroll bar disappear, then you have verified VMware Tools is now installed.
    • Note(FYI):
      • If scroll bar disappear, then you have verified VMware Tools is now installed.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
Section 10: Install GCC
  • Open a Terminal
    • Instructions:
      • Applications --> System Tools --> Terminal
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Switch User to Root
    • Instructions:
      • su - root
      • Provide the Root Password
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Finding the GCC Compiler
    • Instructions:
      • yum list | grep gcc
    • Note(FYI):
      • Yum, is the package manager for Fedora, CentOS and RedHat.
      • yum list, displays all the repository packages to the screen
      • | grep gcc, filters the output to only display lines that contains the string gcc.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Install GCC
    • Instructions:
      • yum install gcc.i686
      • Is this ok [y/N]: y
      • You will see this question "Is this ok [y/N]:" four more times, please answer "y" to all questions.
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
Section 11: Proof of Lab
  • Start Up a Terminal Window
    • Instructions:
      • Applications --> Terminal
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
  • Proof of Lab
    • Instructions:
      • tail -1 /etc/passwd
        • Where "1" is a one.
      • tune2fs -l /dev/sda1 | grep "Filesystem created:"
      • date
      • echo "Your Name"
        • Put in your actual name in place of "Your Name"
        • e.g., echo "John Gray"
    • Proof of Lab Instructions
      • Press the <Ctrl> and <Alt> key at the same time.
      • Press the <PrtScn> key.
      • Paste into a word document
      • Upload to Moodle
    • Centos6.6 安装操作手册(包括安装vmware-tools GCC LVM)
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